From Action Comes Progress

17 minutes, 13 links

From Action Comes Progress

Draw, Antonio, draw and don’t waste time.Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni

When we were children, none of us needed to be told to draw. It was practically primal. We would naturally doodle. Yet at some point, most of us stop drawing.

Similarly, most of us have an instinct to take action, but we unlearn it throughout the years. A lifetime of comments like “You can’t do that,” “That’s not how things work,” and “Do you have a backup plan?” beat us into thinking practically and logically.

Our natural-born instinct to be creative, to play, and to look at the world with wonder and limitless possibility is stifled and tamped down so we can deal with the unpleasant business of being adults. We can’t use the left sides of our brains to think our way out of this one. The solution is not to try to think our way out of this, but to take action and to let the brain follow. “If you want to think differently, first learn to act differently,” scientist Heinz von Foerster said.

Virgil Abloh visited a screen-printing shop and printed a design he made with Adobe Illustrator on a T-shirt. This was several years before Louis Vuitton would appoint Abloh to be its artistic director of menswear, and before Abloh’s brand Off-White would break through mainstream culture. Abloh said all of these opportunities come “from a moment that happened four years earlier in which I took an idea and got it made.”

That moment happened in the midst of Abloh supporting recording artist Kanye West through one of West’s most productive periods—after My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy, during the Watch the Throne recording process and accompanying tour, and during the Cruel Summer compilation album. Even in this busy time, Abloh found a way to make it happen. He said, “Go and print that T-shirt today, and by today I mean in the next 30 minutes. If you don’t do it, that’s your problem.”

Abloh’s friend, creative director Justin Saunders, said to GQ, “What I knew about creativity was saying no to things, but he’s on the opposite flip. It’s like when Virgil convinced me to be a DJ—I still don’t know how to use a mixer. I said to Virgil, ‘I don’t know how to DJ,’ and he said, ‘It doesn’t matter. Let’s just go have some fun.’ And then eventually we were DJ’ing at Coachella.”

Abloh’s instinct is, in some ways, innate in each of us. While we know that action doesn’t necessarily produce immediate results, it has a tendency to make something happen. To artist Sarah Lucas, creative breakthroughs happen spontaneously and suddenly, creating greater progress than her hours or days of slogging through hard work. But upon reflection, she wonders if maybe they happened as an indirect result of, or relief from, her hard work.

You get lucky as you keep moving along and learning. Or, perhaps, it’s more true to say that your unluckiness runs out. If you have to wait until you’re sure of what’s going to happen before you take action, you could be waiting forever. Even if you believe that circumstance, fortune, and fate control the majority of your life, you still have a choice to make about the small parts you control.

Not to mention, our actions train our brains to think, using our bodies. They also train our brains to see the opportunities for progress. The most surefire way to become a great writer, regardless of how much inherent talent a person has, is to write a lot. Leonardo da Vinci called this “componimento inculto,” which biographer Walter Isaacson describes as “an uncultivated composition that helps work out ideas through an intuitive process.” Basically, thinking by sketching.

We always have a choice, which is to take action, or not. If our schedules seem too busy, we will need to reclaim the time and energy to do it. Here are several prompts designed to encourage you. Try them out and see how they fit:

Relinquish Results

Prompt: Take action on something you want to do, today.

Throughout the years, we are conditioned to do things well and to constantly improve. If we’re not doing that, we’re led to believe we’re getting worse. If we regress, we are failures. These beliefs are all based on a flawed assumption: that progress is linear.

At an extreme, this could lead us to chase perfection. If something isn’t absolutely perfect, we believe it’s not worth doing. But perfectionism creates an impossible standard for us to meet. This is just one of many reasons we start procrastinating and get blocked.

Think of the person whose goal in life is to write and release a masterpiece, but isn’t interested in publishing a blog post. It will be nearly impossible for that person to do the former without trying the latter. In reality, the only failure is to not try, out of fear of making something bad.

In his book Surely You’re Joking, Mr. Feynman!, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman recalls an art class when he was instructed to draw without looking at the paper. He was impressed with the results, noticing a “funny, semi-Picasso like strength” in his work. He knew that it would be impossible to draw well without looking at the paper, so he didn’t consciously try. He writes, “I had thought that ‘loosen up’ meant ‘make sloppy drawings,’ but it really meant to relax and not worry about how the drawing is going to come out.” The solution is to do something without caring about the results.

Today, if you accept this prompt, you will take action on the thing you want to do. If you want to write, then write at least 20 words in a notebook. If you want to draw, sketch something out. If you want to make music, hum a melody into the voice memo in your phone and try to create it on an instrument or in your computer.

If you’re uncertain of what the thing you want to do is, then do the thing you think you want to do. Or do the thing you think your best friend thinks you want to do. Or write a list out and roll dice. It’s only by trying many things that you find the one you really like.

Try your best with what you have. Ideally, you will be able to finish your task in five minutes. That short time makes it difficult to do anything well, so hopefully you will put that possibility out of your mind and focus on the process. There will be a time and place to care about results—but it’s not while you do the work.

Play the Fool

Prompt: Do something you want to do, in spite of knowing that people will laugh at you for it.

“To the preservation of the universe, instead of its destruction,” poet Allen Ginsberg said. He and a television show host, William F. Buckley, Jr., were debating the Vietnam War. Ginsberg pulled a harmonium up, sat it on his lap, and sang a Hare Krishna song. Buckley Jr. smiled the smile of someone uncertain of how to react. As Allen sang seriously, Buckley Jr.’s smile disappeared, and he moved a finger over his mouth as if to silence himself. “That was the most un-Hare Kirshna I’ve ever heard,” Buckley Jr. laughed after the song.

Actor Ethan Hawke, a big proponent of the beat generation, said when Ginsberg returned to New York City, his friends rebuked him. He looked like an idiot and the whole country was making fun of him, they said. And Ginsberg’s response was, “That’s my job, and I’m going to play the fool.”

Ginsberg knew that he interrupted the regular scheduled programming on TV and that the poetry would resonate with people. At the very least, it gave most of them something to talk about. Perhaps it would give a few something to consider or think about in quiet times.

It’s important, amidst all of this experimentation, to remember that it’s not just about other people liking your work. It’s about expressing yourself, to the fullest. See if they understand you. Do something embarrassing. Express something honest, something positive, that you think may be silly.

As filmmaker David Lynch wrote, “Keep your eye on the doughnut, not on the hole.” Stay focused on the work and what you want to say. Don’t be afraid of how people may or may not react—be okay with making them laugh at you, not with you. Know that in the quiet hour when they can’t sleep, your truth may come into their mind, and they’ll wonder what it all really meant.

Set a 10-Day Quota

Prompt: Choose a creative operation. Do it for 10 days.

On November 7, 2007, students of Michael Bierut’s Yale class each picked an activity and committed to doing it for 100 days in a row. Bierut recalls his instructions: “The only restrictions on the operation you choose is that it must be repeated in some form every day, and that every iteration must be documented for eventual presentation.” One student chose to dance every day, another chose to make a poster in under 60 seconds each day, and still another made a different version of the same poster each day.

This is a reliable way to gain experience, improve your skills, and build discipline. Lindsay Jean Thomson, who facilitates the 100 Day Project, an online project inspired by Bierut’s class, says that there’s a noticeable improvement in how the projects turn out from day one to day 100. “If you sit down and do something every day, you will get better at it,” she says.

One hundred days can sound like too much of a commitment, so I suggest starting with 10 days. If you feel on day 10 that it’s manageable, then continue to day 100.

You have innate discipline; it might just be asleep. The daily quota will cultivate this discipline, channeling it into your creative work, until it’s strong enough to take over and it becomes a part of who you are. For added accountability, participants in the 100 Day Project need to share their progress every day on Instagram, and Bierut’s students presented their project at the end of the 100 days.

If you write two pages per day, in a year, you’ll have produced over 700 pages—enough to publish two novels. If you keep at it for a decade, you’ll have written 20 novels.

Do 20-Second Sprints

Prompt: Simplify the thing you picked into something you can do in 20 seconds.

Social scientist B.J. Fogg’s Behavioral Model tells us that the more ability a task requires, the more motivation it will also require. That idea applies to creative work, which is why these prompts require minimal ability and time. This insight is key to creating habits and tapping into your discipline.

Vin Verma, who goes by the name Internetvin, has made music and written code every day for a year. One of his techniques is to find a way to do music or code in 20 seconds (e.g., in coding, writing just a single line, print("way too tired")). Similarly, one of Bierut’s students, Zak Klauck, made posters in under 60 seconds per day. Mike Winkelmann, known as Beeple, has made an original illustration every day for over a decade. He spent just a few minutes on days he had food poisoning, as well as on the day his child was born.

Life gets busy sometimes. The trick is to find ways to make progress in a matter of seconds. On days where you have little time to spare, this 20-second variation will make sure you keep progressing.

Enjoy the Opportunity

Prompt: Make doing your creative work a highlight of your day.

Discipline will get your routine started, but happiness and excitement keep it going. Michael Saviello, also known as Big Mike, paints during his lunch hour inside Astor Place Hairstylists, where he has been a manager for 40 years. It’s not difficult for Big Mike to paint during the lunch hour at his day job. “This is my favorite part of the day,” he says.

At the beginning, as you make the decision to do your thing, it might feel like another task in your to-do list; maybe even a chore, on some days. But you can also cultivate the attitude not of “I need to do this,” but of “I get to do this.” If you don’t enjoy it, then you need to ask yourself what you’re doing and why. Is the goal something different from enjoyment, or passion? Are you driven to change your career path, or to learn a new skill for a different reason?

These sorts of questions might enable you to realize that the thing you’ve picked isn’t really the right one for you. Lindsay Jean Thomson’s first 100 day project was taking a photo each day, only for her to realize that writing suited her better. Nonetheless, Jean Thomson fulfilled her 100 days of photography. Some days must have been hard and others easy, but she made it happen.

Be easy with yourself—if you don’t actually like it, don’t force it, but just know why you’re doing it. Maybe you need to practice this skill in service of the one you really like. (For example, you need to practice research in order to become a good writer.)

You may also realize that, after a few days of practice, it really becomes the best (or second best, or third best) part of some of your days. This isn’t necessarily meant to be a lasting, permanent, “I’ve found the thing!” but rather, “I’ve found something.” Many people pick up two or three different crafts throughout their lives; maybe you’ve found the first one, and the second one awaits you somewhere down the line. Nonetheless, once you’ve found it and committed to your chosen creative work, the next move is to figure out how to fit it into your day.

Your Constraints Are Your Canvas

Experience is not what happens to a man; it is what a man does with what happens to him.Aldous Huxley

In The Craftsman, author Richard Sennett tells the story of two houses. The first is the work of philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein, who financed the design and construction of his house with his virtually limitless family fortune. He set out with his eye on perfection, eager to build the prototype of “the foundations of all possible buildings.” His integrity could spare no expense. Stuart Jeffries writes in The Guardian, “When the house was nearly complete, he insisted that a ceiling be raised 30 mm so that the proportions he wanted (3:1, 3:2, 2:1) were perfectly executed.”

One of Wittgenstein’s mentors and friends, the more senior Adolf Loos, had a smaller purse to draw from. When the foundations of his Villa Müller were set differently from the plan, he thickened a side wall to accommodate the change. His two choices were to adapt or to give up on the building.

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