Notable AI Tools and Efforts

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Updated November 2, 2022

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Amazon’s Alexa is a virtual assistant created by Amazon.

AlphaFold is a machine learning algorithm developed by DeepMind that predicts 3D protein structures based on only the DNA.

DARPA Grand Challenge was a competition for autonomous vehicles, that was funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

Google X is a research and development organization inside Google that is focused in what it calls moonshots.

Lisp is the first programming language optimized for artificial intelligence. It was created by John McCarthy in 1958.

Prolog is a logic programming language first developed in 1972 that is associated with artificial intelligence and computational linguistics.

ELIZA was the first version of a chatbot, created at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.

Deep Thought was a computer developed to play chess at Carnegie Mellon University and later at IBM.

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Deep Blue was an expert system run to play chess built by IBM. It was the first computer program to win a match against a chess Grandmaster.

Watson was the first computer program that beat the best Jeopardy! players, and was developed by IBM.

DARPA (or the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) is a research and development agency in the United States responsible for developing technologies for the military.

A graphical processing unit is a chip or electronic circuit that is specialized for rendering graphics on an electronic device.

A tensor processing unit is a chip developed by Google as an AI accelerator specifically for neural network machines.

ImageNet is an image database organized according to the WordNet hierarchy, in which each node of the hierarchy is depicted by hundreds and thousands of images.

TensorFlow is an open-source software library for machine learning. It has a particular focus on training and inference of deep neural networks.

Mechanical Turk is a crowdsourcing website developed by Amazon for businesses to hire remotely located workers to perform discrete on-demand tasks that computers are currently unable to do.

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